When I first heard Ray Charles sing the Buck Owens song "Together Again" on his classic Modern Sounds in Country & Western Music, I realized how a great artist can adapt any type of song to his or her "style". That is, someone like Ray can pull off a song by Buck, do a Beatles or Stones tune, play one of his own classic blues and then play a soulful "America The Beautiful," all in the same set! As I started to learn how to sing and put across a song, I used (and still use) guys like Ray as my model. Perhaps an even more influential person for me in this regard is Snooks Eaglin. This is probably due to the fact that hes a guitar player, and some of his earlier recordings (which are discussed below) featured just him laying it down with an acoustic. I was first attracted to "The Human Juke Box" (a common moniker for Snooks in his hometown of New Orleans) because of his ability to leave no stone unturned musically. In fact, he is so similar to Charles in this and other ways that early on in his career he billed himself as Little Ray Charles! But the bottom line is that he always made a song work in his own way. Karl Bremer, in his excellent piece on Snooks from the Blues Access Magazine website, put it best when he wrote "He has an uncanny ability to adapt his voice to capture the very essence of every song he sings, yet still leave his own signature on it." Before we move on, I strongly suggest you check out Karls article. It is a well-written overview of Snooks career and will give you a good taste of the mans unique personality and playing style. (Thanks to Karl and also to Cary Wolfson for permission to quote from the article and use the link). Im sure there are several important things I will forget to write about here, so please check it out for more detailed information.
The Early Recordings
Snooks has always considered himself a "band" artist. He apparently is not that keen on his solo acoustic recordings as Bremer says, "The attempt to pigeonhole Eaglin as a country blues street musician was too confining for a young man who already had built an impressive and wide-ranging repertoire that stretched from traditional to pre-war blues, standards and spirituals to the R&B hits of the late 40s and 50s." Snooks early band sessions (1960-1963) are great, and they are collected on The Complete Imperial Recordings (Capitol). They were made not long after his series of solo sessions, and are an important link in Eaglins musical chain. But the solo recordings that Im focusing on are also brilliant, not only for the sheer breadth of his subject matter, but also for his amazing singing and guitar playing. The solo CDs I recommend are:
Thats Alright (Bluesville) is a good starting point, as Snooks covers tunes by Charles, both Robert and Lonnie Johnson, Arthur Crudup (yes, the title track is the same one that Elvis covered), and some old traditional tunes. But there is nothing "old" about these 1961 performances, and you can hear that he has absorbed not only a long history of song and style but is also very much connected with the then-current songs and rhythms. Also available from around this same time are Country Boy Down in New Orleans and Possum up a Simmon Tree on Arhoolie Records. These are not completely "solo", as there is some washboard and harmonica added to the mix, but thats maximum minimal accompaniment! You cant go wrong with any of these releases, and they are all readily available.
Not so readily available is The Legacy of the Blues Vol. 2: Snooks Eaglin (GNP/Crescendo). This 1971 session was apparently issued on CD in the 80s; however, I havent been able to find it (I have a tape copy of the original early 70s LP). But for those of you who still have turntables, it is available from the GNP/Crescendo website for a mere $6.99! (http://www.gnpcrescendo.com/index02.html ) . It is my absolute favorite Snooks record, and one of my favorite solo records by any artist. Since it was recorded 10 years later than the bulk of his solo stuff, it is a great glimpse at Snooks evolution as a musician. As good as the 50s and 60s sessions are, here he has reached an even higher point of solo performance. These recordings were done right after Snooks participated in the legendary Professor Longhair "rediscovery" sessions (see below), and you can hear that he is filled with the joyous Fess funk. The first track, "Boogie Children," finds him illustrating an old drummer versus a young one by playing his guitar like a drumkit. He raps and slaps much like Charlie Patton and others did in the 20s and 30s, only Snooks updates it with something straight out of the James Brown/Meters bag, all the while guiding the listener along with his souful voice. All of the other tracks are equally good you might have to do some work to hear this LP (as in order it and find someone whos got a turntable), but you will be rewarded!
For those of you who want to hear Snooks cranking it out with a band, I suggest picking up the newly-issued The Crescent City Collection (Fuel 2000), as it is a sort-of-greatest-hits disc compiled from his 5 Black Top albums (recorded from 1987 to 1997). All of the Black Top stuff is good and lovingly produced by Hamilton Scott, but unfortunately its also all out of print (dont know the full story anybody out there know?). And strangely enough, Snooks is not even listed on the Fuel 2000 Records website!. But at least we have something readily available out there for rooky Snookies to check out. Some aficionados may argue with whats left out on this disc, but it does include such classics as Red Beans, Lavinia and I Went to the Mardi Gras, and it will at least get your feet wet in the Eaglin River if you are new to these waters. For those of you who are primarily interested in Snooks guitar playing, then I recommend House Party New Orleans Style 1971-1972 Lost Sessions by Professor Longhair. There may indeed be some of you out there who have yet to own or even hear Fess, so you will be killing two birds with one stone by picking up this selection. To quote Karl Bremer again, "The disc remains one of the definitive Longhair collections available today, with Eaglins searing guitar, sublime phrasing and intricate fills providing the perfect foil for Fess rollicking syncopated piano." Nuff said?
Final Note: I barely touched on The Complete Imperial Recordings (Capitol), but I should reiterate that it is a collection worth getting, especially if you are looking for some funky 50s-style New Orleans RnB. Also available on vinyl from GNP/Crescendo is Down Yonder, which is a really cool late 70s date featuring Ellis Marsalis (yes, thats Wynton and Branfords dad). If you had to play someone a record to illustrate what music from New Orleans is like, this would be a good choice. Whatever Snooks plays, it somehow gets that Louisiana funk all over it!
Next Month: Thicker-than-blood brother duos. The Delmores, Monroes, Stanleys, Louvins and Everlys.